Citicoline is a nootropic and psychostimulant that increases the density of dopamine and acetylcholine receptors. This substance is an intermediate in the reaction of formation of phosphatidylcholine from choline. Stimulates the biosynthesis of structural phospholipids in the neuronal membrane, which helps to improve the function of membranes, including the functioning of ion-exchange pumps and neuroreceptors.
Due to the stabilizing effect on the membrane, citicoline exhibits decongestant properties, reduces swelling of the brain. Experimental studies have shown that citicoline inhibits the activation of some phospholipase (A1, A2, C and D), reducing the formation of free radicals, prevents the destruction of membrane systems and maintains the antioxidant system such as glutathione.the properties of the nootropic Citicoline Citicoline reduces the volume of damaged tissue, preventing cell death by acting on mechanisms of apoptosis, and does a better job of cholinergic transmission. Citicoline also has preventive neuroprotective effect in focal stroke brain. Citicoline promotes rapid functional rehabilitation of patients with acute disorders of cerebral circulation, reducing ischemic damage of brain tissue, which is confirmed by x-ray examination. In traumatic brain injury citicoline shortens the recovery period and reduces the intensity of posttraumatic syndrome. Citicoline promotes brain activity, lowers the level of amnesia, makes a better condition at cognitive, sensitive and motor disorders that occur in ischemic brain. Citicoline improves observed during hypoxia symptoms: memory impairment, emotional lability, lack of initiative, difficulty in performing everyday activities and self-service. Effective in the treatment of cognitive, sensitive and motor neurological disorders, degenerative and vascular etiology. Citicoline is a source of choline, which increases the synthesis of acetylcholine and stimulates the biosynthesis of structural (bearing) of the phospholipids in the membrane of neurons, thereby improving the function of membrane mechanisms, including functioning of ion pumps and immersed in them receptor modulation, which is a prerequisite for neurotransmitter. Applications
the recommended dose is 500 to 2,000 mg per day, in order to avoid any side effects, it is best to start taking Citicoline with minimal doses. It is recommended to take during the meal. The daily dose distribute 2-3 reception. The minimum recommended period of treatment is 45 days. The recommended duration of treatment, which mark the maximum therapeutic effect is 12 weeks.Side effects and contraindications
Adverse reactions using the drug are rare.
Can manifest:Violations of sleep, dizziness, tremor, headaches, increased excitation; Numbness of the limbs, loss of appetite, nausea, increased activity of liver enzymes; Anaphylactic reaction, skin rash, allergic itching; Rarely, hypotension or hypertension, overstimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system.
If these side effects worsen, you experience any unusual symptoms or side-effects, it is recommended to consult with your doctor. The manifestation of acute allergic reactions should immediately stop taking the drug.